Citoyen Sujet Et Autres Essais D Anthropologie Philosophique

Autor: Étienne Balibar
Publisher: Presses Universitaires de France
ISBN: 2130737390
File Size: 21,34 MB
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Dans les essais qui forment ce livre, la question de la modernité est retravaillée en prenant pour fils conducteurs l’auto-énonciation du sujet (Descartes, Locke, Rousseau, Derrida), la constitution du « nous » communautaire (Hegel, Marx, Tolstoï), l’aporie du jugement de soi-même et des autres (Foucault, Freud, Kelsen, Blanchot). On parvient ainsi à mieux définir la dialectique de l’universalité et des différences à l’époque bourgeoise. Le rapport du commun à l’universel devient un écart politique au sein de l’universel lui-même. L’ensemble pose la question d’une nouvelle donne pour l’anthropologie philosophique – après la grande « querelle de l’humanisme » qui aura occupé la philosophie du XXe siècle – en termes de mouvements contraires : devenir-citoyen du sujet et du devenir-sujet du citoyen. Le citoyen-sujet qui se constitue dans la revendication du « droit aux droits », ne peut exister sans un envers, qui le conteste et le défie. Il n’est pas seulement rapport social, mais malêtre de ce rapport. Dès lors, l’humain ne peut être institué qu’à la condition de se retrancher de soi-même, dans la forme des « différences anthropologiques » qui assignent normalité et identité comme conditions de l’appartenance. La violence de l’universalité civique-bourgeoise est plus grande, mais aussi moins légitime, que celle des universa-lités théologiques ou cosmologiques. Le droit se fonde sur l’insoumission. L’émancipation tire sa puissance de l’altérité.

The Reject

Autor: Irving Goh
Publisher:
ISBN: 0823262685
File Size: 66,40 MB
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This book seeks to posit a response commensurate with the radical horizon of Jean-Luc Nancy's question of who comes after the subject? We risk losing sight of that question today, as we witness a certain militant return of the subject. Consequently, we also risk diminishing our commitment to others and their differences, as the resurrection of the subject tends to bring with it a denigrating indifference to differences. Considering that the work to affirm others and differences remains unfinished, there is an urgency to revisit and respond more adequately to Nancy's question today. That is the endeavor of this book, and it responds with the reject. Through close, deconstructive readings of French thinkers such as Bataille, Deleuze, Derrida, Cixous, Clement, Nancy, Balibar, Ranciere, and Badiou, this book shows how the reject has always been nascent in contemporary French thought. Foregrounding the reject in French thought, this book argues, will enable us not only to rethink questions of friendship, love, community, democracy, the post-secular, and posthuman futures beyond anthropocentric limits, but also advance our commitment to others by ensuring that their differences are not acculturated in the process of their affirmation.

Balibar And The Citizen Subject

Autor: Warren Montag
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 1474404243
File Size: 18,16 MB
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Explores the core of Balibars work since 1980This collection explores Balibars rethinking of the connections between subjection and subjectivity by tracing the genealogies of these concepts in their discursive history. The 12 essays provide an overview of Balibars work after his collaboration with Althusser. They explain and expand his framework; in particular, by restoring Arabic and Islamic thought to the conversation on the citizen subject. The collection includes two previously untranslated essays by Balibar himself on Carl Schmitt and Thomas Hobbes. Key FeaturesThe first English-language edited collection to focus on BalibarPresents and explains Balibars key contributions to political theory and the history of political philosophyIncludes two essays by Balibar himself on Carl Schmitt and Thomas Hobbes: 'Schmitts Hobbes, Hobbess Schmitt' and 'The Mortal God and his Faithful Subjects: Hobbes, Schmitt and the Antinomies of Secularism'Contributors include Atienne Balibar, Nancy Armstrong, Giorgos Fourtounis, Mohamed Moulfi

Borderlands

Autor: Michel Agier
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745696813
File Size: 22,31 MB
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The images of migrants and refugees arriving in precarious boats on the shores of southern Europe, and of the makeshift camps that have sprung up in Lesbos, Lampedusa, Calais and elsewhere, have become familiar sights on television screens around the world. But what do we know about the border places ï¿1⁄2 these liminal zones between countries and continents ï¿1⁄2 that have become the focus of so much attention and anxiety today, and what do we know about the individuals who occupy these places? In this timely book, anthropologist Michel Agier addresses these questions and examines the character of the borderlands that emerge on the margins of nation-states. Drawing on his ethnographic fieldwork, he shows that borders, far from disappearing, have acquired a new kind of centrality in our societies, becoming reference points for the growing numbers of people who do not find a place in the countries they wish to reach. They have become the site for a new kind of subject, the border dweller, who is both ï¿1⁄2insideï¿1⁄2 and ï¿1⁄2outsideï¿1⁄2, enclosed on the one hand and excluded on the other, and who is obliged to learn, under harsh conditions, the ways of the world and of other people. In this respect, the lives of migrants, even in the uncertainties or dangers of the borderlands, tell us something about the condition in which everyone is increasingly living today, a ï¿1⁄2cosmopolitan conditionï¿1⁄2 in which the experience of the unfamiliar is more common and the relation between self and other is in constant renewal.

Political Archive Of Paul De Man

Autor: Martin McQuillan
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748665641
File Size: 75,28 MB
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Taking de Man's recently published manuscript Textual Allegories as a point of departure, 13 experts revisit de Man's account of Rousseau and what he calls a 'Theotropic Allegory'. The volume is framed by an introduction by leading de Man scholar, Martin

The Era Of The Individual

Autor: Alain Renaut
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400864518
File Size: 48,53 MB
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With the publication of French Philosophy of the Sixties, Alain Renaut and Luc Ferry in 1985 launched their famous critique against canonical figures such as Foucault, Derrida, and Lacan, bringing under rigorous scrutiny the entire post-structuralist project that had dominated Western intellectual life for over two decades. Their goal was to defend the accomplishments of liberal democracy, particularly in terms of basic human rights, and to trace the reigning philosophers' distrust of liberalism to an "antihumanism" inherited mainly from Heidegger. In The Era of the Individual, widely hailed as Renaut's magnum opus, the author explores the most salient feature of post-structuralism: the elimination of the human subject. At the root of this thinking lies the belief that humans cannot know or control their basic natures, a premise that led to Heidegger's distrust of an individualistic, capitalist modern society and that allied him briefly with Hitler's National Socialist Party. While acknowledging some of Heidegger's misgivings toward modernity as legitimate, Renaut argues that it is nevertheless wrong to equate modernity with the triumph of individualism. Here he distinguishes between individualism and subjectivity and, by offering a history of the two, powerfully redirects the course of current thinking away from potentially dangerous, reductionist views of humanity. Renaut argues that modern philosophy contains within itself two opposed ways of conceiving the human person. The first, which has its roots in Descartes and Kant, views human beings as subjects capable of arriving at universal moral judgments. The second, stemming from Leibniz, Hegel, and Nietzsche, presents human beings as independent individuals sharing nothing with others. In a careful recounting of this philosophical tradition, Renaut shows the resonances of these traditions in more recent philosophers such as Heidegger and in the social anthropology of Louis Dumont. Renaut's distinction between individualism and subjectivity has become an important issue for young thinkers dissatisfied with the intellectual tradition originating in Nietzsche and Heidegger. Moreover, his proclivity toward the Kantian tradition, combined with his insights into the shortcomings of modernity, will interest anyone concerned about today's shifting cultural attitudes toward liberalism. Originally published in 1997. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

L Exp Rience Interculturelle Dans L Intervention Sociale

Autor: Abdellatif Chaouite
Publisher: Editions L'Harmattan
ISBN: 2140012925
File Size: 34,84 MB
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En ces temps, de nouveau sombres pour la co-existence des « uns » et des « autres », les langages du soupçon, de la défiance et de la déchéance, de la guerre et du terrorisme prennent le pas sur ceux des politiques apaisées de la relation. Le plus urgent est alors de penser. De repenser plus exactement, ou de penser autrement ce monde qui « est en marche » et à partir de cette marche-même. Et c'est « quelque chose d'autre » qui se profile ou un autre monde, qu'il nous faut tenter de comprendre en renouvelant nos approches. C'est la démarche qui a présidé à ce livre.

Accueillir Tre Accueilli

Autor: Augustin Mutuale
Publisher: Editions L'Harmattan
ISBN: 214003371X
File Size: 52,26 MB
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Les déplacements massifs de migrants et de réfugiés mettent en agenda les thématiques de l'accueil et de l'hospitalité et interrogent la capacité des sociétés à donner place en leur sein à des personnes et à des groupes « étrangers ». Le phénomène migratoire cristallise dans le domaine sociétal et politique la question éthique et éducative du rapport de soi à l'autre et de l'autre à soi telle que ne cessent de la poser toutes les formes de « différences », d'« étrangéité », de « subalternité » : celles de la culture et de la religion, celles du sexe et du genre, celles de la santé et de la maladie, celle du travail et du domicile.

Citizen Subject

Autor: Étienne Balibar
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0823273601
File Size: 24,35 MB
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This book constitutes the summation of Etienne Balibar's career-long project to think the necessary and necessarily antagonistic relation between the categories of citizen and subject. In this magnum opus, the question of modernity is framed anew with special attention to the self-enunciation of the subject (in Descartes, Locke, Rousseau, and Derrida), the constitution of the community as "we" (in Hegel, Marx, and Tolstoy), and the aporia of the judgment of self and others (in Foucualt, Freud, Kelsen, and Blanchot). After the "humanist controversy" that preoccupied twentieth-century philosophy, Citizen Subject proposes foundations for philosophical anthropology today, in terms of two contrary movements: the becoming-citizen of the subject and the becoming-subject of the citizen. The citizen-subject who is constituted in the claim to a "right to have rights" (Arendt) cannot exist without an underside that contests and defies it. He--or she, because Balibar is concerned throughout this volume with questions of sexual difference--figures not only the social relation but also the discontent or the uneasiness at the heart of this relation. The human can be instituted only if it betrays itself by upholding "anthropological differences" that impose normality and identity as conditions of belonging to the community. The violence of "civil" bourgeois universality, Balibar argues, is greater (and less legitimate, therefore less stable) than that of theological or cosmological universality. Right is thus founded on insubordination, and emancipation derives its force from otherness. Ultimately, Citizen Subject offers a revolutionary rewriting of the dialectic of universality and differences in the bourgeois epoch, revealing in the relationship between the common and the universal a political gap at the heart of the universal itself. "

Equaliberty

Autor: Étienne Balibar
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822377225
File Size: 75,75 MB
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First published in French in 2010, Equaliberty brings together essays by Étienne Balibar, one of the preeminent political theorists of our time. The book is organized around equaliberty, a term coined by Balibar to connote the tension between the two ideals of modern democracy: equality (social rights and political representation) and liberty (the freedom citizens have to contest the social contract). He finds the tension between these different kinds of rights to be ingrained in the constitution of the modern nation-state and the contemporary welfare state. At the same time, he seeks to keep rights discourse open, eschewing natural entitlements in favor of a deterritorialized citizenship that could be expanded and invented anew in the age of globalization. Deeply engaged with other thinkers, including Arendt, Rancière, and Laclau, he posits a theory of the polity based on social relations. In Equaliberty Balibar brings both the continental and analytic philosophical traditions to bear on the conflicted relations between humanity and citizenship.