Architecture And Urbanism In The French Atlantic Empire

Autor: Gauvin Alexander Bailey
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 0773553762
File Size: 80,77 MB
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Spanning from the West African coast to the Canadian prairies and south to Louisiana, the Caribbean, and Guiana, France’s Atlantic empire was one of the largest political entities in the Western Hemisphere. Yet despite France's status as a nation at the forefront of architecture and the structures and designs from this period that still remain, its colonial building program has never been considered on a hemispheric scale. Drawing from hundreds of plans, drawings, photographic field surveys, and extensive archival sources, Architecture and Urbanism in the French Atlantic Empire focuses on the French state’s and the Catholic Church’s ideals and motivations for their urban and architectural projects in the Americas. In vibrant detail, Gauvin Alexander Bailey recreates a world that has been largely destroyed by wars, natural disasters, and fires – from Cap-François (now Cap-Haïtien), which once boasted palaces in the styles of Louis XV and formal gardens patterned after Versailles, to failed utopian cities like Kourou in Guiana. Vividly illustrated with examples of grand buildings, churches, and gardens, as well as simple houses and cottages, this volume also brings to life the architects who built these structures, not only French military engineers and white civilian builders, but also the free people of colour and slaves who contributed so much to the tropical colonies. Taking readers on a historical tour through the striking landmarks of the French colonial landscape, Architecture and Urbanism in the French Atlantic Empire presents a sweeping panorama of an entire hemisphere of architecture and its legacy.

Le Management D Une Boulangerie

Autor: INIZAN Jacques
Publisher: Lavoisier
ISBN: 2743064226
File Size: 40,96 MB
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Les boulangers sont des entrepreneurs qui évoluent dans un environnement très compétitif. Lorsqu'ils prennent en charge leur première affaire, même s'ils disposent d'une solide formation métier, il leur est difficile de repérer et de mettre en œuvre tous les leviers de la performance. Véritable guide pour le pilotage de leur entreprise, cet ouvrage vise à les accompagner dans la prise de décision dans tous les champs de la gestion. Le boulanger, comme tout chef d'entreprise, doit faire face à de très nombreuses situations. Il est nécessaire de compléter son savoir-faire par des compétences et des connaissances pour opérer les meilleurs choix face aux nombreuses questions pouvant se poser à lui, parmi lesquelles : quels sont les critères qui doivent retenir mon attention quand je choisis de créer ou de reprendre une boulangerie ? Comment évalue-t-on une boulangerie ? Quels choix juridiques dois-je opérer ? Comment manage-t-on une petite équipe ? Quelles sont les erreurs à éviter ? Quelles sont les obligations réglementaires auxquelles sont astreintes les boulangeries ? Les réponses apportées par l'auteur sont le fruit d'un travail de synthèse qui s'appuie sur des textes de loi mais aussi sur un inventaire des bonnes pratiques. Celles-ci sont issues à la fois d'entreprises de secteurs différents mais aussi d'une observation sur le terrain.

Apprentice In A Changing Trade

Autor: JeanFrançois Perret
Publisher: IAP
ISBN: 1617354139
File Size: 67,23 MB
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This book is a result of a major research project in Switzerland that brings together the fields of Education and SocioCultural Psychology. It is focused on how culture is involved in very concrete educational practices. The reader is invited to follow the research group in a Swiss technical college that trains young people in precision mechanics during a period of major technological change: the arrival of automated manufacturing systems. This transition in the trade is an opportunity to explore the educational and psychological challenges of vocational training from a perspective inspired by activity theory and the consideration of social interactions and semiotic or other technical mediations as crucial to the formation of professional identities and competencies. What are the most appropriate settings for learning? There is no simple answer to this question. What can lead a pupil to become engaged, even if this is within a school, with all the seriousness of a future professional? Under which conditions is an internship in a company genuinely formative? Is it necessary to possess the most recent technologies in order to offer high quality training? What do we know about the relation between doing and knowing in the construction of new competences? How can it be planned and informed to become an object of reflection and make sense in the eyes of the learner? Dealing with such qustions, this study explores new working hypotheses on the manner in which the young experience their training and on the significant role for them of professional specialization.