New Topics In Vitamin D Research

Autor: Veronica D. Stolzt
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600210013
File Size: 41,29 MB
Format: PDF
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Vitamin D is a fat-soluble steroid hormone precursor that contributes to the maintenance of normal levels of calcium and phosphorus in the bloodstream. Strictly speaking, it is not a vitamin since human skin can manufacture it, but it is referred to as one for historical reasons. It is often known as calciferol. The major biologic function of vitamin D is to maintain normal blood levels of calcium and phosphorus. Vitamin D aids in the absorption of calcium, helping to form and maintain strong bones. It promotes bone mineralisation in concert with a number of other vitamins, minerals and hormones. Without vitamin D, bones can become thin, brittle, soft or misshapen. Vitamin D prevents rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults - skeletal diseases that result in defects that weaken bones. This book gathers international research on the leading-edge of the scientific front.

Vitamin D

Autor: Veronica D. Stolzt
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600210006
File Size: 52,85 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 4160
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Vitamin D is a fat-soluble steroid hormone precursor that contributes to the maintenance of normal levels of calcium and phosphorus in the bloodstream. Strictly speaking, it is not a vitamin since human skin can manufacture it, but it is referred to as one for historical reasons. It is often known as calciferol. The major biologic function of vitamin D is to maintain normal blood levels of calcium and phophorus. Vitamin D aids in the absorption of calcium, helping to form and maintain strong bones. It promotes bone mineralisation in concert with a number of other vitamins, minerals and hormones. Without vitamin D, bones can become thin, brittle, soft or misshapen. Vitamin D prevents rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults -- skeletal diseases that result in defects that weaken bones. This book gathers international research on the leading-edge of the scientific front.

New Topics In Cancer Research

Autor: Fredrick G. Drabell
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600211553
File Size: 73,97 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Cancer is a group of different diseases (more than 100) characterised by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells. Cancer can arise in many sites and behave differently depending on its organ of origin. If a cancer spreads (metastasizes), the new tumour bears the same name as the original (primary) tumour. Significant progress has been made in recent years in the battle against cancer and in understanding its underlying biological mechanisms. This research progress has resulted in many experimental treatments and cures which establish hope for wide-spread cures. This book brings together important research from around the world in this frontal field.

Vitamin D In Clinical Medicine

Autor: A. Giustina
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
ISBN: 3318063398
File Size: 78,50 MB
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Vitamin D deficiency is prevalent today not only among the elderly but pervasively throughout all ages of life.This is due, in part, to systemic diseases that affect vitamin D metabolism, to changes in lifestyle, such as insufficient exposure to sunlight, and to increased use of sunscreen. Apart from the obvious effects of vitamin D deficiency on skeletal metabolism, the problem is assuming even greater significance because observational and interventional studies have linked vitamin D deficiency to cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes. This book addresses a variety of important issues that have emerged from this fast-moving area of clinical medicine. The topics include assays of vitamin D and its binding protein, effects on aging and associated complications, primary and secondary states of altered parathyroid hormone secretion, vitamin D in the growing years of children and adolescents, nutritional requirements, and vitamin D as it relates to systemic disorders such as diabetes mellitus. Vitamin D in Clinical Medicine aims to offer new insights, in an evidence-based way, on important issues related to vitamin D. It is written for general practitioners and internists, as well as for endocrinologists, nutritionists, pulmonologists, cardiologists, and oncologists.

The Lost Art Of Feeding Kids

Autor: Jeannie Marshall
Publisher:
ISBN: 0807061174
File Size: 42,69 MB
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"A lively story about food, family and identity that will make even the most inexperienced among us want to start chopping and cooking. When journalist Jeannie Marshall moved to Rome with her husband, she immersed herself in Italy's famous culinary traditions. But when the couple's son was born a few years later, Marshall began to see how Italy's great food culture was eroding, especially within young families. Like their American counterparts, Italian children were eating sugary cereal in the morning and packaged, processed, salt- and fat-laden snacks throughout the day. Busy Italian parents were rejecting local markets for supermarkets, and introducing their toddlers to fast food restaurants. So Marshall set on a quest to discover why "kid food" is proliferating around the world. Why do Americans feed their children with branded food products? Is it really possible that an old, healthy and delicious food culture like Italy's can be changed in just one generation? The story offers insight into our battle with the food companies, with our own desires and with our culture. Through discussions with food crusaders such as Alice Waters, with chefs, nutritionists, parents and Italian food vendors as well as with the big food companies such as PepsiCo and Nestle, Marshall gets behind the problems with our children's diets and offers a fresh, new perspective that will change the way we view cooking and eating"--

Vitamin D

Autor: David Feldman
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080543642
File Size: 57,43 MB
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Vitamin D, a steroid hormone, has mainly been known for its effects on bone and osteoporosis. The current therapeutic practices expand into such markets as cancer research, pediatrics, nephrology, dermatology, immunology, and genetics. This second edition includes over 100 chapters covering everything from chemistry and metabolism to mechanisms of action, diagnosis and management, new analogs, and emerging therapies. This complete reference works is a must have resource for anyone working in endocrinology, osteology, bone biology, or cancer research. *Most comprehensive, up-to-date two-volume set on Vitamin D *New chapters on squamous cell cancer, brain cancer, thyroid cancer and many more *Further sections on emerging uses for treatments of auto-immune diseases and diabetes *Over 600 illustrations and figures available on CD

New Topics In Tuberculosis Research

Autor: Donald D. Spiegelburg
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600211591
File Size: 55,83 MB
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Tuberculosis, the disease that the World Health Organization has recently declared a global emergency, was supposedly defeated by antibiotics half a century ago. It has returned in a highly contagious and fatal new form that cannot be treated with conventional drugs. Multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB), could cause some 10 million deaths over the next decade and is thriving in the overcrowded prisons of the former Soviet Union. The virtual collapse of the world's borders means that refugees, tourists, immigrants, business travellers, and others can spread the TB bacillus very efficiently. London, for example, has experienced a 100 per cent increase in reported cases in the past 10 years. This book covers all aspects of the disease: epidemiology, microbiology, diagnosis, treatment, control and prevention. Leading research is presented from centres around the world.

The Vitamin D Solution

Autor: Michael F. Holick Ph.D., M.D.
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 9781101222935
File Size: 33,69 MB
Format: PDF
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The world's leading expert on vitamin D reveals the missing link to achieving optimal health Vitamin D deficiency is the most common medical condition in the world. In America alone, over 200 million people lack sufficient levels of vitamin D and may consequently suffer from chronic health conditions, ranging from daily annoyances like fatigue and pain to life-threatening illnesses such as diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. But few people know why vitamin D is so important and what they can do to avoid the myriad ailments associated with deficiency, including heart disease, cancer, and osteoporosis. There is no better person to demystify this vitamin and showcase its place in human health than author Michael F. Holick, M.D., Ph.D.-the father of modern vitamin D research. With more than three decades spent studying the relationship between vitamin D, limited sun exposure, and human well-being, Dr. Holick shares his findings on how combining the natural curative properties of the sun along with small lifestyle changes can help everyone to live a substantially healthier life. Armed with a three-step plan incorporating safe amounts of sun exposure, the right supplementation, and eating foods rich in vitamin D, Dr. Holick provides prescriptive advice for anyone- from relatively healthy people to those suffering from chronic or even fatal diseases- on how to easily rebuild and maintain optimal levels of this essential hormone. Rich with anecdotes and entertaining case studies, The Vitamin D Solution also presents research from around the world to serve as a wake-up call on this potentially lifesaving hormone for health.

Sunlight Vitamin D And Skin Cancer

Autor: Jörg Reichrath
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 149390437X
File Size: 30,39 MB
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The goal of this volume is to comprehensively cover a highly readable, updated and extended, overview on our present knowledge of positive and negative effects of UV‐exposure, with a focus on vitamin D and skin cancer. Topics that are discussed in‐depth by leading researchers and clinicians range from the newest findings in endocrinology, epidemiology, histology, photobiology, immunology, cytogenetics and molecular pathology to new concepts for prophylaxis and treatment. Experts in the field as well as health care professionals not intimately involved in these specialized areas are provided with the most significant and timely information related to these topics. It is the aim of the second edition of this book to summarize essential up‐to‐date information for every clinician or scientist interested in how to balance between positive and negative effects of UV‐exposure to minimize the risks of developing vitamin D deficiency and skin cancer.

Dietary Reference Intakes For Calcium And Vitamin D

Autor: Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309212030
File Size: 21,55 MB
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Calcium and vitamin D are essential nutrients for the human body. Establishing the levels of these nutrients that are needed by the North American population is based on the understanding of the health outcomes that calcium and vitamin D affect. It is also important to establish how much of each nutrient may be "too much." Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D provides reference intake values for these two nutrients. The report updates the DRI values defined in Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride, the 1997 study from the Institute of Medicine. This 2011 book provides background information on the biological functions of each nutrient, reviews health outcomes that are associated with the intake of calcium and vitamin D, and specifies Estimated Average Requirements and Recommended Dietary Allowances for both. It also identifies Tolerable Upper Intake Levels, which are levels above wish the risk for harm may increase. The book includes an overview of current dietary intake in the U.S. and Canada, and discusses implications of the study. A final chapter provides research recommendations. The DRIs established in this book incorporate current scientific evidence about the roles of vitamin D and calcium in human health and will serve as a valuable guide for a range of stakeholders including dietitians and other health professionals, those who set national nutrition policy, researchers, the food industry, and private and public health organizations and partnerships.