Rentability Of Biodiesel Plant In Germany

Autor: Per Kleinschmidt
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 364032420X
File Size: 18,98 MB
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Scientific Study from the year 2009 in the subject Environmental Sciences, , language: English, abstract: Market Overview Facing the obvious need to switch from fossil fuels, which are limited in their availability, to environmentally friendly and substitutive energy sources, both the national government and the European Union are promoting alternative fuels like biodiesel, bioethanol or biogas. The creation of a common European standard, tax incentives, the opening of new distribution channels and the provision of cultivation related premiums are paving the way for the establishment of a strongly growing market for biofuels. Biodiesel is the most frequently used alternative fuel in Germany. Its market volume has steadily increased with double-digit growth rates over the last couple of years. Sales of biodiesel increased from 2004 to 2007 approx by a massive 280% and reached a new peak of 3.32 million tons. It is currently the best-known alternative fuel for the fossil diesel in Germany. In 2007, around 72 percent of the total biofuels in Germany was biodiesel.

Jump Starting Self Employment

Autor: Rita Almeida
Publisher: World Bank Publications
File Size: 29,94 MB
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One important concern of governments in developing countries is how to phase out large safety net programs. The authors evaluate the short-run effects of one possible exit strategy-programs that promote self-employment-in Argentina. They provide evidence that a small fraction of beneficiaries were attracted by this program. Overall, potential participants to self-employment are more likely to be female household heads and more educated beneficiaries relative to the average Jefes beneficiaries. Using nonexperimental methods, the authors show that participation in the program does affect the labor supply of participants, by reducing the probability of having an outside job, especially for males, and increasing the total number of hours worked. But the intervention fails to produce on average income gains to participating individuals and households in the short run. The fact that a small subset of former welfare beneficiaries are attracted to the program, coupled with the fact that only a subset of participants (younger and more educated beneficiaries, and with previous self-employment experience) benefited from participation has important implications for this intervention to represent a viable exit strategy from welfare.

Yugoslav Workers Selfmanagement

Autor: M.J. Broekmeyer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401032874
File Size: 33,40 MB
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This book contains the Proceedings of a Conference held on 7-9 January 1970 in Amsterdam on the problems and perspectives of Yugoslav workers' self management. The Yugoslav writers were selected according to the criteria that they are competent in their field and that they have different viewpoints in their assessment of the system. We hope that the threefold purpose of this book will be attained, namely to provide a clearer insight for the Western reader into the Yugoslav system; secondly to confront Yugoslav society with the ques tions asked and the criticism voiced here with regard to the practice of workers' selfmanagement; and, lastly, to pay a modest tribute to the 20th anniversary of Yugoslav workers' self management. To be sure, the range of subjects treated in Amsterdam might seem to be rather wide, but one should bear in mind thaI this was unavoidable in the first large-scale confrontation of two different social systems outside Yugoslavia. Although the language used in this book may not always correspond with the official standards, we trust that the published texts will be easily readable for the benevolent reader.