The Transportation Of Oil By Sea

Autor: Tony Akaki
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 9780595809769
File Size: 68,82 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 3987
Download or Read Book
Before the coming of the dot com era it was by no accident that the richest individuals in the world were involved with tankers. Probably the most famous ship owner in the world was Aristotle Socrates Onassis. But before one looks at tanker freights of which Onassis among others managed to secure a good return on capital it is crucial to recap and examine some of the factors that affected the tanker industry starting with the Second World War. The Transportation of Oil by Sea offers a fascinating introductory account of crude oil transportation and how international issues from World War II, pre-independence Zimbabwe, and the Iran-Iraq War have been influenced by considerations for oil production and transportation. Author Tony Akaki presents a diversity of geographical, political, environmental, and economic insights in one volume, offering a compelling look at this often-overlooked aspect of history.

Oil In The Sea Iii

Autor: Committee on Oil in the Sea: Inputs, Fates, and Effects
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309084385
File Size: 11,62 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
Read: 2032
Download or Read Book
Since the early 1970s, experts have recognized that petroleum pollutants were being discharged in marine waters worldwide, from oil spills, vessel operations, and land-based sources. Public attention to oil spills has forced improvements. Still, a considerable amount of oil is discharged yearly into sensitive coastal environments. Oil in the Sea provides the best available estimate of oil pollutant discharge into marine waters, including an evaluation of the methods for assessing petroleum load and a discussion about the concerns these loads represent. Featuring close-up looks at the Exxon Valdez spill and other notable events, the book identifies important research questions and makes recommendations for better analysis of-and more effective measures against-pollutant discharge. The book discusses: Input-where the discharges come from, including the role of two-stroke engines used on recreational craft. Behavior or fate-how oil is affected by processes such as evaporation as it moves through the marine environment. Effects-what we know about the effects of petroleum hydrocarbons on marine organisms and ecosystems. Providing a needed update on a problem of international importance, this book will be of interest to energy policy makers, industry officials and managers, engineers and researchers, and advocates for the marine environment.

Intentional Oil Pollution At Sea

Autor: Ronald Bruce Mitchell
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262133036
File Size: 33,77 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Read: 1009
Download or Read Book
A detailed case study of how international environmental treaties can be made more effective. Combining theoretical analysis with a rigorous empirical evaluation of changes in the compliance process over time, the book identifies policies that have increased compliance by governments and the oil transportation industry with discharge restrictions, equipment requirements, enforcement, and reporting. How do environmental treaties influence international behavior? Deliberate discharges from oil tankers have traditionally been the biggest source of oil pollution from ships, greater than much-publicized accidental spills. Although an international treaty governs how tankers must dispose of oil, compliance has been a problem. Intentional Oil Pollution at Sea is a detailed case study of how international environmental treaties can be made more effective. Combining theoretical analysis with a rigorous empirical evaluation of changes in the compliance process over time, it identifies policies that have increased compliance by governments and the oil transportation industry with discharge restrictions, equipment requirements, enforcement, and reporting. Ronald Mitchell introduces the debate over environmental treaty compliance, compliance theory, and a history of intentional oil pollution. He then uses a wealth of data to study efforts to change government and industry behavior in reporting on treaty performance, enforcing rules, and complying with equipment and discharge standards. He closes with theoretical conclusions drawn from the empirical analysis regarding the sources of effective treaty compliance as well as prescriptions for policymakers about how to negotiate more effective future environmental agreements. Global Environmental Accords series

The Transportation Of Oil By Sea

Autor: Tony Akaki
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 9780595809769
File Size: 70,73 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 1590
Download or Read Book
Before the coming of the dot com era it was by no accident that the richest individuals in the world were involved with tankers. Probably the most famous ship owner in the world was Aristotle Socrates Onassis. But before one looks at tanker freights of which Onassis among others managed to secure a good return on capital it is crucial to recap and examine some of the factors that affected the tanker industry starting with the Second World War. The Transportation of Oil by Sea offers a fascinating introductory account of crude oil transportation and how international issues from World War II, pre-independence Zimbabwe, and the Iran-Iraq War have been influenced by considerations for oil production and transportation. Author Tony Akaki presents a diversity of geographical, political, environmental, and economic insights in one volume, offering a compelling look at this often-overlooked aspect of history.

The Sea Of Lost Opportunity

Autor: Norman J. Smith
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780444536464
File Size: 52,70 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 4613
Download or Read Book
This book is a contribution to the history of a vital stage of UK technical and economic development, perhaps the most important since the Second World War. It shows, from an industrial viewpoint, how the British handled the exploitation of their most significant natural resource gain of the 20th century. Notwithstanding the nearly 30 years of government support through the Offshore Supplies Office, the UK has not reaped the full benefit of the North Sea discoveries; this book attempts to explain why. It will assist governments and industries faced with future instances of unforeseen, specialist and large-scale new demand to manage their reactions more effectively. It also throws light on how governments can pursue strategic industrial objectives while leaving market mechanisms to function with minimal interference, something some administrations – perhaps even the British – may wish to do now or in the future. Covers the entire period from the first well offshore Britain until the dismantling of the specific British industrial policy measures for offshore supplies Based in large measure upon archives not previously accessed and the private testimony/papers of participants 'Drills down' to the level of individual company decisions through case study and other material The only properly researched description of how the world’s first major local content initiative developed

Oil Transport Management

Autor: Y.H. Venus Lun
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1447129210
File Size: 27,51 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 3465
Download or Read Book
The first volume in a new Springer Series on Shipping and Transport Logistics, Oil Transport Management provides a full historical account of the evolution of the oil transport industry since the 1800's. In this comprehensive guide, the authors investigate the industry and describe the shipping market and its structure, as well as forecasting, location plan and the transportation chain. They dedicate a separate chapter to each topic to cover various concepts, including: an introduction to the tanker shipping market, including how the freight, new vessel building, second hand and demolition markets influence one another, the economic structure and organization of the tanker industry in both the past and present, and forecasting the need for oil-based sea transportation. Further chapters present case studies and simulations to illustrate the importance of factory location decisions and the need for oil infrastructure investments. Chapter One also includes a regression equation to predict the fleet size in tanker shipping. Oil Transport Management is a key reference, which can be practically applied to wider global research and practices. Ideal for both industry practitioners, and researchers and students of shipping studies, Oil Transport Management provides a concise yet comprehensive coverage of the oil transport industry's history and a guide for its future development.

Oil Tankers At Sea

Autor: Louise Spilsbury
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc
ISBN: 1499434421
File Size: 45,31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Read: 8342
Download or Read Book
Oil is one of Earth’s most coveted resources, and transporting massive quantities of this product requires mammoth machinery. This information-rich book introduces readers to the different types of oil tankers, from crude tankers to supertankers. Detailed photographs allow readers to explore gigantic oil tankers inside and out. Readers will learn how these hulking crafts are designed to carry enormous burdens across the oceans. They’ll also meet the crews that operate these dangerous, powerful machines. An inside look at the loading and unloading processes shows readers what it’s like to work on an oil tanker. This informative book will attract curious readers in any library.

Oil In The Sea

Autor:
Publisher: National Academies
ISBN:
File Size: 54,45 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
Read: 6270
Download or Read Book
Follows up and expands on the earlier National Research Council report "Petroleum in the marine environment" published in 1975. Deals with two potentially opposing aspects of man's activities regarding petroleum pollution in the ocean: pollution arising from man's needs for petroleum and a desire to preserve living marine resources.

A Sea In Flames

Autor: Carl Safina
Publisher: Crown
ISBN: 0307887375
File Size: 32,70 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
Read: 7886
Download or Read Book
Carl Safina has been hailed as one of the top 100 conservations of the 20th century (Audubon Magazine) and A Sea in Flames is his blistering account of the months-long manmade disaster that tormented a region and mesmerized the nation. Traveling across the Gulf to make sense of an ever-changing story and its often-nonsensical twists, Safina expertly deconstructs the series of calamitous misjudgments that caused the Deepwater Horizon blowout, zeroes in on BP’s misstatements, evasions, and denials, reassesses his own reaction to the government’s crisis handling, and reviews the consequences of the leak—and what he considers the real problems, which the press largely overlooked. Safina takes us deep inside the faulty thinking that caused the lethal explosion. We join him on aerial surveys across an oil-coated sea. We confront pelicans and other wildlife whose blue universe fades to black. Safina skewers the excuses and the silly jargon—like “junk shot” and “top kill”—that made the tragedy feel like a comedy of horrors—and highlighted Big Oil’s appalling lack of preparedness for an event that was inevitable. Based on extensive research and interviews with fishermen, coastal residents, biologists, and government officials, A Sea In Flames has some surprising answers on whether it was “Obama’s Katrina,” whether the Coast Guard was as inept in its response as BP was misleading, and whether this worst unintended release of oil in history was really America’s worst ecological disaster. Impassioned, moving, and even sharply funny, A Sea in Flames is ultimately an indictment of America’s main addiction. Safina writes: “In the end, this is a chronicle of a summer of pain—and hope. Hope that the full potential of this catastrophe would not materialize, hope that the harm done would heal faster than feared, and hope that even if we didn’t suffer the absolutely worst—we’d still learn the big lesson here. We may have gotten two out of three. That’s not good enough. Because: there’ll be a next time.” From the Hardcover edition.