V D J Recombination

Autor: Pierre Ferrier
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1441902961
File Size: 57,43 MB
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v(D)J recombination: for the community of immunologists and developmental biologists, the molecular route by which B and T lymphocytes acquire their unique function of affording adaptive immunity. Yet, for many-from experienced scientists to trainees-it represents a (rather too) sophisticated process whose true insight is excessively demanding. However, when not simplyconsidered as a private ground for a few aficionados, it can be seen as a way of understanding how maturelympho cytes carry on their basic functions. For the group of aficionados-which includes this editor-it is an elegant paradigm featuring many fascinating evolutionary achievements of which the biological world alone has the secret. These include a subtle biochemical principle most likelyhijacked some 470 million years ago from an ancestral gene invader and since then cleverly adapted by jawed vertebrates to precisely cleave and rearrange their antigen receptor (Ig andTCR)loci. This invader would itself have assigned the services of the nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) DNArepair machinery as well as various DNApolymerases or transferases to work in concert with developmental clues in lymphoid cell lineages to generate an immune repertoire and efficient host surveillance while avoiding autoimmunity. Recently, important new refinements in these systems have emerged, continuing to challenge ourknowledge andbeliefs. These arejust thetopics covered by the senior authors-all established leaders in this field-and their colleagues, whilst writing the various chapters in V(D)J Recombination.

Fundamental Immunology

Autor: William E. Paul
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISBN: 1451182031
File Size: 80,18 MB
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This standard-setting textbook has defined the field of immunology since 1984, and is now in its Seventh Edition continuing to deliver the detailed, authoritative, and timely coverage readers expect. This comprehensive, up-to-date text is ideal for graduate students, post-doctoral fellows, basic and clinical immunologists, microbiologists and infectious disease physicians, and any physician treating diseases in which immunologic mechanisms play a role. Now full-color throughout the book’s fully revised and updated content reflects the latest advances in the field. Current insights enhance readers’ understanding of immune system function. The text’s unique approach bridges the gap between basic immunology and the disease process. Extensive coverage of molecular biology explains the molecular dynamics underlying immune disorders and their treatment. Abundant illustrations and tables deliver essential information at a glance. Plus a convenient companion website features the fully searchable text and image bank! This is the tablet version of Fundamental Immunology which does not include access to the supplemental content mentioned in the text.

Genetic Recombination In Cancer

Autor: Gajanan V. Sherbet
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080521909
File Size: 38,46 MB
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Genetic recombination is a process of combining genes that leads to the generation of cell variants that possess different characteristics. This process is important to the evolution of a species and to embryonic growth and differentiation. However, this process can also lead to the development of abnormal, cancerous cells. This book reviews the role of genetic recombination in the generation of various cancers and how genetic alterations have been or could be employed to elicit clinically useful information. * Provides detailed discussion of the genetic mechanisms that result in the generation of normal and abnormal cells * Examines the role of genetic recombination in cancer including cancer invasion and metastasis * Information is presented in a manner that is useful and accessible to everyone from graduate students to established cancer researchers

Transgenesis And Targeted Mutagenesis In Immunology

Autor:
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483296490
File Size: 54,53 MB
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Investigations into the field of immunology are rapidly expanding with the use of genetically altered mice at the embryonic stage. This breakthrough laboratory guide provides a complete study of transgenesis and targeted mutagenesis in laboratory mice that will be valued by researchers looking for fresh observations and interpretations when designing future experiments. Special Features Include: Contributions of two Nobel Prize winners Addresses the use of mouse models in studying the immune system Targets gene distribution in embryonic stem cells and their introduction into blastocyte mice models Analyzes the in vivo functional loss of embryonic cells A practical, useful guidebook for individual researchers, laboratories, and libraries

Molecular Biology Of B Cells

Autor: Tasuku Honjo
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0123984904
File Size: 59,70 MB
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Molecular Biology of B Cells, Second Edition is a comprehensive reference to how B cells are generated, selected, activated and engaged in antibody production. All of these developmental and stimulatory processes are described in molecular, immunological, and genetic terms to give a clear understanding of complex phenotypes. Molecular Biology of B Cells, Second Edition offers an integrated view of all aspects of B cells to produce a normal immune response as a constant, and the molecular basis of numerous diseases due to B cell abnormality. The new edition continues its success with updated research on microRNAs in B cell development and immunity, new developments in understanding lymphoma biology, and therapeutic targeting of B cells for clinical application. With updated research and continued comprehensive coverage of all aspects of B cell biology, Molecular Biology of B Cells, Second Edition is the definitive resource, vital for researchers across molecular biology, immunology and genetics. Covers signaling mechanisms regulating B cell differentiation Provides information on the development of therapeutics using monoclonal antibodies and clinical application of Ab Contains studies on B cell tumors from various stages of B lymphocytes Offers an integrated view of all aspects of B cells to produce a normal immune response

The Scid Mouse

Autor: Melvin J. Bosma
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642749747
File Size: 32,13 MB
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During routine genetic screening of several immunoglobulin heavy chain congenic mouse strains in 1980, one of us (MB) was surprised to find that several mice in the C.B-17IIcr strain, which was being maintained in a specific-pathogen-free facility of the Fox Chase Cancer Center (Philadelphia, PA), did not express serum immunoglobulin of the appropriate allotype. Fearing an error in the breeding of these mice, the sera of the suspect mice were screened for other allotypes. When these tests revealed a complete absence of serum immunoglobulin, it became apparent that a mutation had probably occurred in the C.B-17IIcr line. Further analysis revealed that a single breeding pair was respon sible for all of the immunoglobulin negative mice and that the defect showed recessive inheritance. Thus was the C.B-17/Icr scid or severe combined immune deficient (scid) mouse discovered. Although it has taken most animal facilities several years to breed scid mice of high quality for experimental purpose, it was clear by 1987 that many investigators were beginning to exploit the unique qualities of the scid mouse for studies in several areas.

Dna Damage And Repair

Autor: Jac A. Nickoloff
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1592590950
File Size: 13,39 MB
Format: PDF
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Jac A. Nickoloff and Merl F. Hoekstra update and expand their two earlier acclaimed volumes (Vol. I: DNA Repair in Prokaryotes and Lower Eukaryotes and Vol. II: DNA Repair in Higher Eurkaryotes) with cutting-edge reviews by leading authorities of primary experimental findings about DNA repair processes in cancer biology. The reviews cover a wide range of topics from viruses and prokaryotes to higher eukaryotes, and include several new topics, among them the role of recombination in replication of damaged DNA, X-ray crystallographic analysis of DNA repair protein structures, DNA repair proteins and teleomere function, and the roles of BRCA1 and BRCA2 in DNA repair. Authoritative and up-to-date, DNA Damage and Repair, Vol. III: Advances from Phage to Humans surveys the rapidly moving research in DNA damage and repair, and explains the important functional relationships among different DNA repair pathways and the relationship between DNA repair pathways, cancer etiology, and cancer therapies.

Pediatric Allergy Principles And Practice E Book

Autor: Donald Y. M. Leung
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1437737781
File Size: 45,80 MB
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Pediatric Allergy supplies the comprehensive guidance you need to diagnose, manage, and treat virtually any type of allergy seen in children. Drs. Leung, Sampson, Geha, and Szefler present the new full-color second edition, with coverage of the diagnosis and management of anaphylaxis, the immune mechanisms underlying allergic disease, the latest diagnostic tests, and more. Treat the full range of pediatric allergic and immunologic diseases through clinically focused coverage relevant to both allergists and pediatricians. Understand the care and treatment of pediatric patients thanks to clinical pearls discussing the best approaches. Easily refer to appendices that list common food allergies and autoantibodies in autoimmune diseases. Apply the newest diagnostic tests available—for asthma, upper respiratory allergy, and more—and know their benefits and contraindications. Treat the allergy at its source rather than the resulting reactions through an understanding of the immune mechanisms underlying allergic diseases. Get coverage of new research that affects methods of patient treatment and discusses potential reasons for increased allergies in some individuals. Better manage potential anaphylaxis cases through analysis of contributing facts and progression of allergic disease. Effectively control asthma and monitor its progression using the new step-by-step approach. Eliminate difficulty in prescribing antibiotics thanks to coverage of drug allergies and cross-reactivity.

Cellular And Molecular Immunology E Book

Autor: Abul K. Abbas
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 1437735738
File Size: 58,95 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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Cellular and Molecular Immunology takes a comprehensive yet straightforward approach to the latest developments in this active and fast-changing field. Drs. Abul K. Abbas, Andrew H. Lichtman, and Shiv Pillai present sweeping updates in this new edition to cover antigen receptors and signal transduction in immune cells, mucosal and skin immunity, cytokines, leukocyte-endothelial interaction, and more. This reference is the up-to-date and readable textbook you need to master the complex subject of immunology. Recognize the clinical relevance of the immunology through discussions of the implications of immunologic science for the management of human disease. Grasp the details of experimental observations that form the basis for the science of immunology at the molecular, cellular, and whole-organism levels and draw the appropriate conclusions. Stay abreast of the latest advances in immunology and molecular biology through extensive updates that cover cytokines, innate immunity, leukocyte-endothelial interactions, signaling, costimulation, and more. Visualize immunologic processes more effectively through a completely revised art program with redrawn figures, a brighter color palette, and more 3-dimensional art. Find information more quickly and easily through a reorganized chapter structure and a more logical flow of material.